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Foxdell Primary School

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Complaints Procedure

Complaints Policy & Procedure - LBC Policy



Review Date


Nominated GB Committee

Mar 23

Mar 24


Chair of Governors



Foxdell endeavours to provide the best education possible for all of its pupils in an open and transparent environment. We welcome any feedback that we receive from parents, pupils and third parties, and we accept that not all of this will be positive. Where concerns are raised the school intends for these to be dealt with:


  • Fairly 
  • Openly
  • Promptly
  • Without Prejudice 


In order to do so, the governing board of Foxdell has approved the following procedure which explains what you should do if you have any concerns about the school. All members of staff will be familiar with the procedure and will be able to assist you. 


Which Procedure do I need?

Sometimes, when concerns are more specific, there are alternative and more appropriate policies for dealing with them. The following list details specific topics of complaints, and the correct policy to refer to. You can access these policies on the school website or ask for a copy from the main school reception. 


  • Pupil admissions; please see the school’s Admissions Policy or contact Luton Borough Council
  • Pupil exclusions; please see the school’s Behaviour Policy
  • Staff grievance, capability or disciplinary; these are covered by the school’s Disciplinary Procedure
  • Where the complaint concerns a third party used by the school; please complain directly to the third party themselves.
  • Anonymous complaints – please refer to the Whistleblowing Policy.
  • Subject Access Requests and Freedom of Information Requests – please see the school’s Data Protection and Freedom of Information Policy


Raising Concerns

The majority of concerns can be dealt with without resorting to the procedure. Where you have a concern about any aspect of the school or your child’s education or wellbeing, raise this with your child's Class Teacher via the phone or in person. Ideally, they will be able to address your concerns on the spot, or can arrange a meeting with you to discuss the issue. 


All concerns will be dealt with confidentiality, although the staff member may need to take notes if they feel that the matter may need to be taken further or it may arise again in the future. Any such notes will be kept in accordance with the principles of the Data Protection Act 2018. However, such notes would be able to be used as evidence if further investigation was required, or if the concern became a formal complaint.



Wherever a complaint indicates that a child’s wellbeing or safety is at risk, the school is under a duty to report this immediately to the local authority. Any action taken will be in accordance with the school’s Safeguarding Policy which can be found on the school`s website. 


Social Media

In order for complaints to be resolved as quickly and fairly as possible, Foxdell requests the complainants not discuss complaints publically via social media such as Facebook and Twitter. Complaints will be dealt with confidentially for those involved, and we expect complainants to observe confidentiality also. 


Complaints that result in staff capability or disciplinary?

If at any formal stage of the complaint it is determined that staff disciplinary or capability proceedings are necessary in order to resolve the issue, the details of this action will remain confidential to the Headteacher and/or the individual’s line manager. The complainant is not entitled to participate in the proceedings or receive any detail about them.  



If you need to raise an issue in the first instance, please do so with the relevant member of staff who will be happy to talk to you and seek to establish a solution. If you are not satisfied with this response and believe the issue has not been resolved, please use the following procedure as detailed below. 




Foxdell endeavours to abide by timeframes stated under each stage but acknowledges that in some circumstances, this is not always possible due to the complexity of information needed to review a complaint or difficulties regarding individual’s availability to deal with the complaint, for example. If it becomes apparent that it is not possible to complete any stage of the complaints procedure within a given timeframe, the individual responsible for handling the complaint will contact the complainant as soon as possible and come to an agreed timeframe that works for all parties involved.


Foxdell reserves the right not to investigate complaints that have been made six months after the subject of the complaint took place, except in exceptional circumstances. What is meant by exceptional circumstances is where new evidence has come to light, where the complaint is of an especially serious matter or where there is reasonable justification for why the complainant has been unable to raise the complaint before this time. The  Headteacher will review the situation and decide whether or not to enact the complaints procedure, informing the chair of governors of the decision. 


Who should I approach?


Educational matters: Classroom Teacher

Pastoral care: Classroom Teacher / Senior Family Worker / Deputy Heads / Asst Head

Disciplinary matters: Headteacher

Financial/Administration matters: Financial Manager

Complaint about a staff member’s conduct: direct approach to the staff member themselves. Where this does not resolve the situation, their line manager should be approached. 


Complaints about the Headteacher or the Governors

Where a complaint regards the Headteacher, the complainant should first directly approach the Headteacher in an attempt to resolve the issue informally. If the complainant is not satisfied with this outcome they should notify the Clerk to the Governors (see contact details at the end of the document). The Stage 2 process will then commence, but with the Chair of Governors as the individual responsible for the investigation.


Where a complaint regards a Governor, the same process applies as for the Headteacher.  Where a complaint concerns the Chair of Governors, the individual should contact the Clerk to the Governors. Informal resolution will be sought, but where this fails, the complaints procedure at Stage 3 will take immediate effect. The Vice Chair of Governors will mediate any proceedings.


Stages of the Complaint

Stage 1 – Informal investigation by a Class Teacher or other relevant member of staff (possibly the Headteacher)

Where as a result of raising a concern the complainant still feels that the issue has not been addressed, or where the outcome has been that the complaint needs further investigation than can be resolved briefly, they may progress by making an informal complaint. In doing so, the following steps will be followed:


  1. Complainant contacts the Headteacher. 


  1. The complainant must explain in writing
  • An overview of the complaint so far
  • who has been involved
  • why the complaint remains unresolved
  • action they would like to be taken to put things right.


  1. The Headteacher will respond within 5 working days (excluding those which fall in the school holidays) of having received the written complaint. They will explain what action they intend to take.


  1. Where the complaint is about a member of staff or a School Governor, the Headteacher will arrange an informal mediation meeting between the two parties to see if a resolution can be come to. 


  1. The staff member will provide a written confirmation of the outcome of their investigation within 15 working days (excluding those which fall in the school holidays) of having sent confirmation of the intended action. Where the complainant is not satisfied with the outcome, they are able to progress to Stage 2 of the complaints process, and launch a formal written complaint. 


  1. The staff member will make a record of the concern and the outcomes of the discussion which will be held centrally for twelve months, in line with the principles of the Data Protection Act 2018


Stage 2 – formal investigation by the Headteacher


  1. The complainant may submit a formal complaints form to the Headteacher. See the end of the procedure for a copy of this form.
  2. The Headteacher will respond in writing within 10 working days (excluding those that fall in the school holidays) of the date of receipt of the complaint to acknowledge receipt of the complaint and explain what action will be taken, giving clear timeframes.
  3. A log of all correspondence in relation to the complaint will be kept in accordance with the Data Protection Principles.
    • The Headteacher will consider all relevant evidence; this may include but is not limited to:
      1. a statement from the complainant,
      2. where relevant a statement from an individual who is the subject of the complaint
      3. any previous correspondence regarding the complaint
      4. any supporting documents in either case
      5. interview with anyone related to the complaint.


  1. The Headteacher may decide to have a meeting with the complainant (and where relevant, the subject of the complaint) if they feel that it would be appropriate for the investigation.


  1. After considering the available evidence, the Headteacher can:
  • Uphold the complaint and direct that certain action be taken to resolve it
  • Reject the complaint and provide the complainant with details of the Stage 3 appeals process
  • Uphold the complaint in part: in other words, the Headteacher may find one aspect of the complaint to be valid, but not another aspect. They may direct for certain action to be taken to resolve the aspect that they find in favour of the complainant.


  1. The Headteacher must inform the complainant of their decision in writing within 20 working days (excluding those that fall in the school holidays) of having issued written acknowledgement of the receipt of the complaint. They must explain clearly why they have come to the decision that they made. They must detail any agreed actions as a result of the complaint. Finally, they must provide the complainant with details of how to progress the complaint to Stage 3 if they are not satisfied, providing them with the contact details of the Clerk to the Governors (see the end of the procedure for these).


Stage 3 – appeal – review by a panel of the Foxdell Governing Board.


If the complainant wishes to appeal a decision by the Headteacher at Stage 2 of the procedure, or they are not satisfied with the action that the Headteacher took in relation to the complaint, the complainant is able to appeal this decision. 


They must write to the Clerk (see the contact details at the end of the procedure) as soon as possible after receiving notice of the Headteacher’s decision, briefly outlining the content of the complaint and requesting that a complaints appeal panel be convened.  


The Clerk will fulfil the role of organising the time and date of the appeal hearing, inviting all the attendees, collating all the relevant documentation and distributing this 5 days in advance of the meeting, recording the proceedings in the form of minutes, and circulating these and the outcome of the meeting. 


The complainant must request an appeal panel within 4 weeks of receiving the Headteacher’s decision or it will not be considered, except for in exceptional circumstances. On receipt of this written notification, the following steps will be followed:


  1. The Clerk will write to the complainant within 5 working days (not including the school holidays) to confirm receipt of the appeal request and detail further action to be taken.


  1. The Clerk will convene a panel of three School Governors. All three panel members will have no prior knowledge of the content of the complaint.


  1. The appeal hearing will take place within 20 working days (excluding those which fall in the school holidays) of receipt of the date of the confirmation letter from the Clerk to the complainant, confirming the appeal.
  2. In addition to the panel, the following parties will be invited, where applicable: 


  • the complainant
  • the Headteacher who dealt with the complaint at Stage 2 
  • where the complaint regards a member of staff, the staff member who is the subject of the complaint. 


The complainant is also able to bring a companion with them to the hearing if they wish. Where the subject of the complaint is a member of staff, that staff member is also able to bring a companion with them. 


The companion will be a friend or a colleague. Neither party is able to bring legal representation with them. If after the hearing any party feels that legal action is necessary, please see the contact details at the end of the procedure. 


The complainant's evidence will be heard separately and independently by the panel.  The complainant then leaves the hearing.  The evidence of the Headteacher (and the staff member if appropriate) is then heard.


  1. If the attendance of any pupils is required at the hearing, parental permission will be sought if they are under the age of 18. Extra care will be taken to consider the vulnerability of children where they are present at a complaints hearing.
  2. Where the complaint is about a Governor, the complainant may request that the appeal is heard by an entirely independent panel. It is at the discretion of the Governing Board who will notify the Clerk of their decision. Where an entirely independent panel is required, timescales may be affected while the school source appropriate individuals for the review.
  3. The panel can make the following decisions:


  • Dismiss the complaint in whole or in part
  • Uphold the complaint in whole or in part
  • Decide on the appropriate action to be taken to resolve the complaint
  • Recommend changes to the school’s systems or procedures to ensure that problems of a similar nature do not recur.
  1. All parties who attended the meeting will be informed in writing of the outcome of the appeal within 5 working days (excluding those which fall in the school holidays).


This is the final stage at which the school will consider the complaint. If the complainant remains dissatisfied and wishes to take the complaint further, please see the contact details at the end of the document. The school will not consider the complaint beyond this.


Unreasonable Complaints

Where a complainant raises an issue that has already been dealt with via the school’s complaints procedure, and that procedure has been exhausted, the school will not reinvestigate the complaint except in exceptional circumstances, for example where new evidence has come to light. 


If a complainant persists in raising the same issue, the Headteacher will write to them explaining that the matter has been dealt with fully in line with the school complaints procedure, and therefore the case is now closed. The complainant will be provided with the contact details of the Department for Education (see the end of this document) if they wish to take the matter further. 


Unreasonable complaints include the following scenarios:

  • The complainant refuses to co-operate with the school’s relevant procedures.
  • The complainant changes the basis of the complaint as the complaint progresses.
  • The complainant seeks an unrealistic outcome
  • Excessive demands are made on the time of staff and school governors and it is clearly intended to aggravate. 
  • The complainant acts in a way that is abusive or offensive.


The Headteacher will use their discretion to choose not to investigate these complaints. 


Where they decide to take this course of action, they must inform the Chair of Governors that they have done so, explaining the nature of the complaint and why they have chosen not to investigate. If the Chair deems it appropriate to, they can redirect the Headteacher to investigate the complaint. The full complaints procedure will commence from stage one on this direction.


If the Chair upholds the Headteachers decision not to look into the complaint and the complainant deems this decision to be so unreasonable that no other rational Board in the same position would have made that decision, then the complainant may write to the Department for Education (see the contact details at the end of the document).


Contact details for external organisations if not satisfied with the outcomes of the complaints procedure in full.


  • If you have any queries regarding any aspect of the complaints procedure, please direct these to the Clerk to the Governors who can be contacted via the school office at either Foxdell Infant Site or Foxdell Junior Site.


  • If the complainant remains dissatisfied with the outcome of the complaints procedure they may contact the local authority – Children & Learning Department, Luton Borough Council, 3rd Floor, Unity House, 111 Stuart Street, Luton LU1 5NP


  • If the complainant feels that the Governing Board acted ‘unreasonably’ in the handling of the complaint, they can complain to the Department for Education after the complaints procedure has been exhausted. Please note that unreasonable is used in a legal sense and means acting in a way that no reasonable school or authority would act in the same circumstances.
  • Ofsted will also consider complaints about schools. 


Relevant legislation and guidance

The Equality Act 2010

The Data Protection Act 2018 

The Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014

Education Act 2002 

The Department for Education Best Practice advice for school complaints procedures